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Information about Sikkim
Sikkim

  Sikkim is the India's twenty second smallest state located in the north eastern part of India. Sikkim is spread over an area of 7096 square kms and is known for the beautiful scenic beauty. Bhutias, Lepchas and Nepalis are the different types of people that resides in Sikkim. The customs and cultures of these different communities present a very beautiful and picturesque picture. The Nepalis called this state as 'Sukhim' or the New Place, the Bhutias called it as the 'Demazong' or the Valley of rice and the Lepchas called it as the 'Nye-mae-el lang’ or the abode of the Gods. This state is bordered by the Nepal in the west, Bhutan in the east, Tibet in the north and West Bengal in the south. This state is divided into four districts which are North, South, West and East district. Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim is located in the East District. Most of the population of Sikkim lives in the East and South Districts. A large variety of plants, animals, rivers, mountains, lakes, waterfalls are found in the state of Sikkim than any other place in this world. The mountain peaks, holy lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries and stunning trekking routes have made Sikkim a famous holiday destination.
Physical Features of Sikkim  

Physical Features of Sikkim

  Sikkim has a very rough topography due to which there are very less flat lands in Sikkim. The rivers and mountains are the main physical features that define the boundaries of the state of Sikkim with its neighbouring countries. Besides the rivers and mountains, the glaciers, mountain passes, lakes, hot springs and waterfalls are also found in this region.
History of Sikkim

 

History of Sikkim

  The glorious history of Sikkim can be known only after the 17th century. Phunstok, the great grand son of Guru Tashi was consecrated as the King of Sikkim in 1642 by three holy men at Yoksum. The kingdom of Sikkim was attacked by the Bhutanese and Nepalis, which further led to the Chinese intervention. Tsudphud Namgyal who became king in 1793 shifted his capital to Tumlong.


The Britishers also signed a treaty in Sikkim in order to control the internal and external affairs of Sikkim. Thutob Namgyal also shifted the capital to Gangtok in 1894. On 4th September 1974, the leader of Sikkim Congress Kazi Lendup Dorji was elected as the Chief Minister of the state. On 16th May 1975, Sikkim became a full fledged state of India.